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  2. Things found under parking lots: The King of England

    In 1485, King Richard III of England was killed during the Battle of Bosworth Field, the last major battle of the War of the Roses. (No English king since Richard has died on the field of battle.) 

    During his final battle, Richard led a desperate cavalry charge against Henry Tudor’s men, and didn’t go down without a fight. His last words, after finally being surrounded: “Treason! Treason! Treason!” He was killed with a pollaxe, the fateful swing delivered so powerfully that it crushed his helmet into his skull. After Richard was killed, his body was paraded in the streets until Franciscan friars took him into their care. He was interred at Greyfriars Church in Leicester.

    In the five centuries that followed, the location of Greyfriars was lost. Archaeologists, however, recently announced that its ruins had been discovered beneath a parking lot used by Leicester city council functionaries, and with it, Richard’s body.

    4 other remarkable things found under car parks

     

  3. 165 million years ago, two froghopper bugs were fossilized.  While having sex.

     

  4. History buffs, rejoice! Archaeologists say a skeleton found beneath a parking lot in 2012 belongs to England’s King Richard III. “Beyond reasonable doubt it’s Richard,” lead archaeologist Richard Buckley announced on Monday. Richard reigned for two years, from 1483 until he was killed in battle in 1485 at the age of 32. He was buried unceremoniously in the town of Leicester, beneath a church that was demolished in the 16th century, its exact location forgotten over the many years since.

    In late 2012, researchers began their search for the medieval king by using radar to scan for buried remains of the original church. They found it beneath a city council parking lot in Leicester. When they excavated, it didn’t take long for them to find the skeleton of a young person, buried without a coffin, and showing a curved spine matching the descriptions of Richard as deformed. A comparison of the skeleton’s DNA to that of a known distant relative of the king confirmed it was indeed Richard.

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  5. A new study of fossil evidence from Central Africa suggests that our early ancestors had a taste for grass 3.5 million years ago, and were equipped to consume it. Though they walked upright, these early hominins — Australopithecus bahrelghazali — were hairier and smaller than modern humans, looked more like apes, and possessed “big, impressive teeth” that could endure a diet that included grass. In the new study, published in theProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers identified grass’ molecular signature in the teeth of three specimens.

    Researchers say that this evolutionary move from fruits and leaves to tropical grasses represents a “major shift” in early human eating-habits. “No African great apes, including chimpanzees, eat this type of food despite the fact it grows in abundance in tropical and subtropical regions,” co-author Julia Lee-Thorp said in a press release. Grazing on grass (and the roots and bulbs at the base of plants) allowed early humans to emerge from our ancestral forests, colonize new terrain including treeless grasslands, and, in theory, adopt a broader diet — including, eventually, protein-rich animal meat.

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  6. "This was the wasp’s worst nightmare, and it never ended."

    The 100-million-year-old spider attack frozen in time

    (Source: theweek.com)

     

  7. Are there human remains at the Titanic wreck site?

    Most of the Titanic’s 1,500 passengers were never recovered, but new photographs suggest there may still be remains to be found. The most discussed photo captures leather boots and what appears to be a coat buried in the mud near the Titanic’s stern. The way the boots are laid out, says James Delgado, the director of maritime heritage at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), strongly suggests that they landed there while still on the feet and back of a person. ”This is clearly where someone came to rest on the bottom,” Delgado tells The New York Times. "I, as an archaeologist, would say those are human remains."

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