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  2. As Ellis Island reopens to the public after repairing the damage from Superstorm Sandy, here are some photos of the landmark before its transformation from an immigration hub to a historical attraction.

    When Ellis Island went silent

     

  3. Beneath Margaret Thatcher’s steely and polarizing public persona was a grocer’s daughter with a high voice and a sharp tongue, a woman who held onto a childhood love of poetry and science throughout her life. 

    12 photos that capture this surprisingly playful “Maggie”

     

  4. On this day in 1972: In what was arguably the most dramatic trip ever taken by a president of the United States, Richard Nixon arrived in China for an eight-day visit. The announcement that Nixon, a lifelong hardline anti-communist, would visit China stunned the world. The United States and China had been foes for a quarter-century, but Nixon recognized the need for better ties — which would also help the U.S. in its Cold War standoff with the Soviet Union. During his week-long visit, Nixon met with Mao and Zhou En-Lai; it is seen today as the beginning of China’s drive to modernize and enter the modern world. China’s economy is now the world’s second largest, trailing only that of the U.S itself. Nixon called it “the week that changed the world,” and the phrase “Nixon going to China” has since become a metaphor for an unexpected or uncharacteristic action by a politician.

    Here’s what else happened on this day in history

     

  5. During a 1983 Girls Club of America reception in her honor, Sally Ride (center) chats with tennis star Billie Jean King (left) and the Ms. Magazine founder Gloria Steinem. The day after Ride’s historic launch, Steinem said: "Millions of little girls are going to sit by their television sets and see they can be astronauts, heroes, explorers, and scientists."

     

  6. A guard oversees prisoners entering the mess hall at Alcatraz in 1962. 

    Fifty years ago this week, three intrepid Alcatraz inmates escaped after carving a route through a series of ventilator ducts and launching a raft made of raincoats. And it all started with spoons stolen from the prison’s mess hall. 

    The mysterious Alcatraz escape: A visual history

     

  7. "Let’s go for a long ride Sunday; let’s go to the mountains weekends. Let’s read books in front of fires; most of all, let’s really grow together and find the happiness we know is ours."

    Decades before Richard Nixon resigned the presidency in disgrace, he was just another love-struck young man. Here, the most interesting revelations from Nixon’s love letters

    (Source: theweek.com)

     

  8. Japan’s Ghost Island. There used to be people here. Now there are none.

     

  9. U.S. soldiers march past the historical Roman Colosseum and follow their retreating enemy in Rome, Italy, on June 5, 1944.

    (via minusmanhattan)

     

  10. life:

    In 1969, 27-year-old Capt. Muammar Gaddafi overthrew the king of Libya in a bloodless coup, promoted himself to Colonel, and declared the country a socialist state. Ever since, he’s remained one of the world’s most controversial leaders, and a man of profound contradictions. He describes Libya as a popular democracy, but his word is law. He has sponsored terrorists and violent revolutionaries, but has frequently acknowledged his actions while avidly courting Western approval.

    see moreGaddafi: The Last Supervillain?

     

  11. washingtonpoststyle:

    Black cats audition for a part in a movie in 1961.

    From LIFE’s photo archive.